TC Chair: Yoichi Watabe
Land reclamation is one of major geotechnical activities in many countries. Many challenging land reclamation projects have been carried out in recent years. These include the Kasai International Airport in Japan, the Changi International Airport in Singapore, the Hong Kong Chek Lap Kok International Airport, the Seoul Incheon International Airport, the Palm Deria in Dubai, The Port 2000 of Le Havre in France, The Hamburg Airbus A380 Industrial Platform Site in Germany, and the Port of Brisbane in Australia. The importance of land reclamation has been recognized by ISSMGE. There is an ISSMGE-TC201 on Geotechnical Aspects of Dykes and Levees, Shore Protection and Land Reclamation. However, during the TC201 committee meeting in Paris in Sept 2013, members of the TC201 felt that as both dikes, levees and land reclamation are two major geotechnical activities, there should be a separate TC on land reclamation. This will also allow TC201 to concentrate on the issues related to dyke, levees and shore protection. This is the background for the proposal of this new TC. Land reclamation activities include mainly coastal and river delta developments to expand land for ports, airports, business centers, shopping centers, logistic terminals, factories, residences, amusement parks, etc. There are also activities for land reclamation of old mining sites, quarries and ponds. Most of the countries along the coast have activities related to land reclamation. Various innovative geotechnologies have been developed and used for various land reclamation projects. Land reclamation in coastal development has to meet two different social and environmental demands: on the one hand, a growing need to develop and increase land space and facilities, on the other hand, a corresponding need to respond to geoenvironmental issues in preserving or restoring rich biodiversity in coastal regions such as intertidal flats and shallow seas, which have been lost as a result of reclamation. Therefore, the geoenvironmental aspect is also an issue related to land reclamation activities.